Dubrovnik forts are one of the Old Town’s most recognizable features. The five monumental fortresses – Revelin, Minčeta, Bokar, Lovrijenac and St. John’s Fortress – tower over the city walls and offer some the best views of the Dubrovnik’s historic core. Three of these – Minčeta Tower, Fort Bokar and St. John’s Fortress – are part of the Walls of Dubrovnik, while Revelin and Lovrijenac were built as detached fortresses to provide additional protection.
Minčeta Tower was built as a four-sided fort on the northwestern part of the walls in 1463 to protect the city from the Turkish threat. A round tower with protected gun ports and a high narrow round tower with battlements were added later. Minčeta is the highest point of the walls and offers the best vantage points for a panoramic view of the Old Town.
Fort Bokar, which defends the western land approach to the city, was built from 1461 to 1463 to protect Pile Gate, the western entrance to the Old Town. Bokar is known for being one of Europe’s oldest casemented fortresses.
St. John’s Fortress, also known as Mulo Tower, sits on the southeastern side of the old Dubrovnik Port. It was originally built in the mid-14th century to protect the city from pirates and other enemies arriving from the sea, but was modified several times in the centuries that followed. Today, the fortress houses the Dubrovnik Aquarium, which holds a collection of Adriatic fauna specimens in 27 basins, on the ground floor. The Dubrovnik Maritime Museum, which occupies the upper floors of the fortress, offers visitors a unique insight into the Dubrovnik Republic maritime trade and tradition, the Age of Steam and World War II, as well as into various sailing and navigation techniques.
Revelin Fortress was built in the eastern part of the Old Town in 1462 to provide additional protection to Ploče Gate, the eastern entrance to the city. Revelin took 11 years to build and, once finished, it became Dubrovnik’s strongest fortress. It served as the administrative centre of the Dubrovnik Republic.
Fort Lovrijenac is situated outside the city walls, opposite Fort Bokar and Pile Gate. Nicknamed “Dubrovnik’s Gibraltar,” it sits 37 metres above sea level, offering a spectacular view of the walls and the nearby Lokrum Island. Lovrijenac was built within only three months to resist Venetian rule, but reconstruction work took considerably longer. Today, the interior of the fortress is known as one of the most beautiful stages in Europe. It hosts a performance of Shakespeare’s Hamlet every year as a highlight of the Dubrovnik Summer Festival. Fort Lovrijenac also hosts the Croatian leg of the Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series. In recent years, the fortress has drawn worldwide attention for doubling as the Red Keep on HBO’s Game of Thrones.
Visitors looking for quality accommodation in the heart of the Dubrovnik Riviera can find premium rooms overlooking the Adriatic Sea at the Sheraton Dubrovnik Riviera Hotel. Situated near the old city, the luxury resort offers spacious rooms and suites with all the modern amenities for anyone looking to explore Dubrovnik from the comfort of a 5-star hotel.